Records of the Three Kingdoms official biography [translation][edit | edit source]
[Cao] Lin, the Solumn King of Pei (Pèi mù wáng 沛穆王), was made Marquis of Raoyang (Ráoyáng hóu 饒陽侯) in the sixteenth year of Jian’an [211 AD]. In the twenty-second year [of Jian’an, 217 AD] he moved to Qiao. In the second year of Huangchu [221 AD] he was made Duke. In the third year [222 AD] he was made King of Qiao (Qiào wáng 譙王). In the fifth year [224 AD] his fief was altered to [King of] Qiao county 譙縣.[n 1] In the seventh year [226 AD] he was moved to Juan city 鄄城. In the sixth year of Taihe [232 AD] his fief was altered to [King of] Pei. From Huangchu [220-226], Zhengyuan [254-256] to the middle period of Jingyuan [260-264] he was granted 4.700 households. After [Cao] Lin’s passing, his son [Cao] Wei 緯 inherited his fief.
-  Register of the Ji Clan (Jīshì pǔ 嵇氏譜) records: Ji Kang’s wife was Cao Lin’s daughter.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- GJCM notes: in two sentences we are told Cao Lin was made King of Qiao (county). This is because the administrative division of Qiao had changed inbetween. At first, Qiao was an administrative district which belonged to Pei state 沛國. But at the end of Han, Pei state became Pei commandery 沛郡. Unlike states, commanderies are divided into counties 縣. So Qiao, belonging to Pei, now became a county. After Qiao became a county, Cao Lin went from being King of Qiao, to becoming King of Qiao county.
References[edit | edit source]
- de Crespigny, "Cao Lin" in A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms, page 44.
Sources[edit | edit source]
- Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
- de Crespigny, Rafe. A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23 - 220 AD). Leiden: BRILL, 2007.