Wulu 五鹿 was a leader among the Black Mountain Bandits. “Wulu” is a nickname, meaning “Five Deer”. His first and only mention comes in 184, when the Black Mountain Bandits were formed around the time of the Yellow Turban Rebellion.

While many of his fellow bandits were killed by Yuan Shao 袁紹 in 193 in several skirmishes, Wulu is not mentioned in these.


  • Wulu 五鹿 can also be used as a double-character surname (such as Wulu Chongcong). In the case of the Black Mountain bandit it does seem to be a nickname and not a surname.


  • Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
  • Fan Ye 范曄 (398–445). Hou Han shu 後漢書 “History of the Later Han”.